The Federal Maritime Commission disclosed last month the members of its newly formed National Shipper Advisory Committee. The Committee is comprised of 24 members, evenly divided between those who export cargo from and those who import cargo to the United States, that will advise the Commission on policies relating to the competitiveness, reliability, integrity, and fairness of the international ocean freight delivery system. “The current freight transportation challenges have illustrated how prescient my colleague Rebecca Dye was in recommending to Congress that it establish this Shipper Advisory Committee at the FMC.  I and the other Commissioners need rapid access to the perspectives of importers and exporters on the ground dealing with the realities of ocean shipping every day.  We also need them to meet and help guide our efforts and those outside the FMC to improve the system and make it easier, fairer, and more efficient to American shippers.  I am truly grateful to all of those who volunteered to serve on what I know will be an invaluable committee,” said FMC Chairman Daniel B. Maffei. Committee members will serve until December 31, 2024.

  1. Michael Brock, Walmart

  2. Brian Bumpass, Brenntag North America, Inc.

  3. Justin Cauley, CHS, Inc.

  4. Robert Connor, Mallory Alexander International Logistics, LLC

  5. Chris Crutchfield, American Commodity Company

  6. Rick DiMaio, Office Depot

  7. John Esborn, Wayfair, LLC

  8. Scott Fremont, Target

  9. Sean Healy, The Scoular Company

  10. Steven Hughes, MEMA/Auto Care Association

  11. Alexis Jacobson, BOSSCO Trading LLC

  12. Fernando Lagonell, DuPont

  13. Alison Leavitt, Wine and Spirts Shippers Association

  14. Daniel Miller, Cargill Incorporated

  15. Debb Minskey, IKEA

  16. Jennifer Morrissey, Ocean Spray Cranberries, Inc.

  17. Kenneth O’Brien, Gemini Shippers Group

  18. Adnan Qadri, Amazon

  19. Richard Roche, Mohawk Global Logistics

  20. Gabriel Rodriguez, A Customs Brokerage, Inc.

  21. Randy Strait, Tyson Foods

  22. Michael Symonanis, Louis Dreyfus

  23. Joshua Woods, Blue Diamond Growers

  24. Colin Yankee, Tractor Supply Company

In a press release, Mohawk Global Vice President Rich Roche said: "I am humbled to accept this appointment to serve in pursuit of betterment across the complex aspects of our Nation's supply chain, while representing the voice of Mohawk Global and more than one thousand members of the NCBFAA."

In a joint statement, MEMA President & CEO Bill Long and Auto Care President & CEO Bill Hanvey said, “Automotive vehicle suppliers represented by MEMA and Auto Care imported $76.4 billion through U.S. ports during 2019. Many of these goods were subject to further value-added manufacturing in this country. Furthermore, exports through the nation’s ports in 2019 totaled $21 billion. The ability of our ports to function is essential to our nation’s economy. Mr. Hughes’ representation on this committee is vital to our industry and the future of manufacturing in the U.S.”

Agriculture Coalition Seeks Help from President Biden

The Agriculture Transportation Coalition (AgTC), an organization with more than 70 agriculture associations, wrote a letter to President Biden noting that they are hopeful that the newly constituted National Shipper Advisory Committee, will promptly generate specific near-term solutions. The coalition recognized the positive initiatives made by the FMC and supports the Commission’s proposals to expand its authorities to effectively address unreasonable ocean carrier practices.

"However, despite these positive steps, the problem not only persists, but is becoming even more dire. Carriers are increasingly declining or cancelling export cargo bookings, while frequent ship delays and cancellations with little or no notice to our exporters, is delaying shipments by weeks or even months. The resulting inability of shippers to deliver their products on schedule affects the reliability of American exports, and subsequently decreases export values and market share. The cost to ship a container has increased between 300 and 500 percent in the past 2 years; U.S. producers are losing from 10-40 percent of their export value to these added costs; an informal survey suggests that U.S. agriculture exporters’ inability to perform is leading to a loss of 22% of their sales."

"We realize that the challenges our agriculture exporters face will not change overnight. But with the holiday import surges soon upon us, the challenge is growing. Regulatory action and enforcement steps take time to be implemented, and while those important processes need to move ahead, we call on you and your administration to take effective steps to gain immediate relief. Recognizing that relief may be incremental, it must begin very soon."

A copy of AgTC's letter can be viewed here.

A senator from New Hampshire also made a similar request in a letter addressed to FMC Chairman Daniel Maffei.

U.S. Senator Jeanne Shaheen (D-NH) urged the FMC to address the surge in costs to import goods that threatens the operations and economic recovery of businesses across New Hampshire. Shaheen noted the existential threat facing small businesses who cannot afford container rates whose costs, in some cases, have increased by over 1,000 percent, and requested that the Commission take action to protect businesses from these unsustainable freight rates.

The Federal Maritime Commission has voted to move forward with two demurrage-and-detention related initiatives proposed by Commissioner Rebecca F. Dye as part of Fact Finding 29. Unlike Commissioner Dye’s other Interim Recommendations, these initiatives required formal Commission approval.

The first initiative is to issue a policy statement on issues that affect the ability of shippers, truckers, and others to obtain reparations for conduct that violates the Shipping Act, including conduct related to demurrage and detention. The policy statement will provide guidance on the scope of the prohibition against carrier retaliation, when attorney fees may be imposed on a non-prevailing party, and who may file a complaint with the Commission alleging unreasonable conduct.

Additionally, the Commission in due course will issue an Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (ANPRM) that will solicit public comments on two questions: first, whether the Commission should require ocean common carriers and marine terminal operators (MTOs) to include certain minimum information on or with demurrage and detention billings; and second, whether the Commission should require carriers and marine terminal operators to adhere to certain practices regarding the timing of demurrage and detention billings.

The Commission has also moved forward with other recommendations from FF29, including hiring additional staff for CADRS, including one person who will be designated as the agency’s exporter advocate. The Commission will make announcements related to other recommendations as developments warrant.

Commissioner Carl W. Bentzel says he believes that "the Commission needs to provide clear and firm guidance on the assessment of demurrage and detention penalties in light of current levels of congestion, and growing shipping frustration. Additional clarity will also assist FMC enforcement of potential violations of the Shipping Act."

"I look forward to working with FMC staff, my fellow Commissioners, and considering comments submitted through the public review process. Demurrage and detention charges when properly utilized are intended to work to incent the movement of cargo by limiting the amount of time available for the pick-up of cargo, and the retrieval of cargo equipment in order to maintain traffic fluidity. Carriers and marine terminal operators should not be charging demurrage or detention caused as a result of their own operational challenges, but on the other hand, shippers also need to pick up cargo left on-dock on a timely basis. While this clearly a delicate balance, I believe that we should move forward to consider new standards for the imposition of demurrage and detention."

French container transportation and shipping company CMA CGM S.A. has decided to stop all spot rate increases effective immediately, from September 9, 2021, to February 1, 2022.

"The Group is prioritizing its long-term relationship with customers in the face of an unprecedented situation in the shipping industry," the company stated in a press release.

CMA CGM noted that since the beginning of 2021, container shipping spot freight rates have continued to rise due to port congestion and the major imbalance between demand and maritime container transport effective capacity.

"Although these market-driven rate increases are expected to continue in the coming months, the Group has decided to put any further increases in spot freight rates on hold for all services operated under its brands (CMA CGM, CNC, Containerships, Mercosul, ANL, APL)."

CMA CGM added that it is investing heavily to strengthen its service offering. "The Group has increased the capacity of its operated fleet by 11% since December 31, 2019, through the addition of new vessels and the purchase of second-hand vessels. Over the last 15 months, the Group has also increased its container fleet by 780,000 TEUs."

CMA CGM advises its clients to contact their usual CMA-CGM sales representative for more information.